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Caspar David Friedrich (September 5, 1774 - May 7, 1840) was a landscape painter of the nineteenth-century German Romantic movement, of which he is now considered the most important painter. A painter and draughtsman, Friedrich is best known for his later allegorical landscapes, which feature contemplative figures silhouetted against night skies, morning mists, barren trees, and Gothic ruins. His primary interest as an artist was the contemplation of nature, and his often symbolic and anti-classical work seeks to convey the spiritual experiences of life.

Friedrich was born in Greifswald in northern Germany in 1774. He studied in Copenhagen until 1798 before settling in Dresden. He came of age during a period when, across Europe, a growing disillusionment with an over-materialistic society led to a new appreciation for spiritualism. This was often expressed through a reevaluation of the natural world, as artists such as Friedrich, J. M. W. Turner and John Constable sought to depict nature as a "divine creation, to be set against the artifice of human civilization".

Although Friedrich was renowned during his lifetime, his work fell from favour during the second half of the nineteenth century. As Germany moved towards modernisation, a new urgency was brought to its art, and Friedrich's contemplative depictions of stillness were seen as the products of a bygone age. His rediscovery began in 1906 when an exhibition of 32 of his paintings and sculptures was held in Berlin. During the 1920s his work was appreciated by the Expressionists, and in the 1930s and 1940s, the Surrealists and Existentialists frequently drew on his work. Today he is seen as an icon of the German Romantic movement, and a painter of international importance.

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The Wanderer above the Mists 1817-18 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Wanderer above the Mists 1817-18
Monastery Graveyard In The Snow - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Monastery Graveyard In The Snow
The Abbey in the Oakwood 1809_10 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Abbey in the Oakwood 1809_10
The Sea of Ice 1824 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Sea of Ice 1824
Two Men Contemplating the Moon 1819-20 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Two Men Contemplating the Moon 1819-20
Eldena Ruin - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Eldena Ruin
Wreck of the Hope - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Wreck of the Hope
Man and Woman Contemplating the Moon c. 1824 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Man and Woman Contemplating the Moon c. 1824
The Tree of Crows c. 1822 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Tree of Crows c. 1822
Cementery - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Cementery
Monk on the Seashore - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Monk on the Seashore
A Walk at Dusk - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
A Walk at Dusk
Evening - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Evening
Angels in Adoration - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Angels in Adoration
Woman at a Window 1822 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Woman at a Window 1822
The Cemetery Entrance 1825 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Cemetery Entrance 1825
The Chasseur in the Forest 1814 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Chasseur in the Forest 1814
Wreck in the Moonlight c. 1835 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Wreck in the Moonlight c. 1835
Polar sea (The destroyed hope) - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Polar sea (The destroyed hope)
Cross in the Mountains (Tetschen Altar) - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Cross in the Mountains (Tetschen Altar)
Winter Landscape with Church (2) 1811 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Winter Landscape with Church (2) 1811
The Cross In The Mountains (Tetschen Altar) 1808 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Cross In The Mountains (Tetschen Altar) 1808
Coffin and Grave - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Coffin and Grave
Woman before the Rising Sun (Woman before the Setting... - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Woman before the Rising Sun (Woman before the Setting...
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