Caspar David Friedrich (September 5, 1774 - May 7, 1840) was a landscape painter of the nineteenth-century German Romantic movement, of which he is now considered the most important painter. A painter and draughtsman, Friedrich is best known for his later allegorical landscapes, which feature contemplative figures silhouetted against night skies, morning mists, barren trees, and Gothic ruins. His primary interest as an artist was the contemplation of nature, and his often symbolic and anti-classical work seeks to convey the spiritual experiences of life.

Friedrich was born in Greifswald in northern Germany in 1774. He studied in Copenhagen until 1798 before settling in Dresden. He came of age during a period when, across Europe, a growing disillusionment with an over-materialistic society led to a new appreciation for spiritualism. This was often expressed through a reevaluation of the natural world, as artists such as Friedrich, J. M. W. Turner and John Constable sought to depict nature as a "divine creation, to be set against the artifice of human civilization".

Although Friedrich was renowned during his lifetime, his work fell from favour during the second half of the nineteenth century. As Germany moved towards modernisation, a new urgency was brought to its art, and Friedrich's contemplative depictions of stillness were seen as the products of a bygone age. His rediscovery began in 1906 when an exhibition of 32 of his paintings and sculptures was held in Berlin. During the 1920s his work was appreciated by the Expressionists, and in the 1930s and 1940s, the Surrealists and Existentialists frequently drew on his work. Today he is seen as an icon of the German Romantic movement, and a painter of international importance.

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Page 9 of 18   Paintings: 216
Riesengebirge 1835 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Riesengebirge 1835
Oak in the Snow 1820s - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Oak in the Snow 1820s
Evening c. 1824 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Evening c. 1824
The Cross in the Forest - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Cross in the Forest
Neubrandenburg in Flames (Sunrise near Neubrandenburg)... - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Neubrandenburg in Flames (Sunrise near Neubrandenburg)...
Sunset (Brothers) - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Sunset (Brothers)
Zwei Mnner in Betrachtung des Mondes - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Zwei Mnner in Betrachtung des Mondes
Nordic Landscape, Spring (Eine nordische Fruhlingslandschaft) - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Nordic Landscape, Spring (Eine nordische Fruhlingslandschaft)
Watching the church - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Watching the church
Giant Grave by the Sea 1806-07 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Giant Grave by the Sea 1806-07
Picture in Remembrance of Johann Emanuel Bermer - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Picture in Remembrance of Johann Emanuel Bermer
City at Moonrise 1817 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
City at Moonrise 1817

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Page 9 of 18   Paintings: 216