Caspar David Friedrich (September 5, 1774 - May 7, 1840) was a landscape painter of the nineteenth-century German Romantic movement, of which he is now considered the most important painter. A painter and draughtsman, Friedrich is best known for his later allegorical landscapes, which feature contemplative figures silhouetted against night skies, morning mists, barren trees, and Gothic ruins. His primary interest as an artist was the contemplation of nature, and his often symbolic and anti-classical work seeks to convey the spiritual experiences of life.

Friedrich was born in Greifswald in northern Germany in 1774. He studied in Copenhagen until 1798 before settling in Dresden. He came of age during a period when, across Europe, a growing disillusionment with an over-materialistic society led to a new appreciation for spiritualism. This was often expressed through a reevaluation of the natural world, as artists such as Friedrich, J. M. W. Turner and John Constable sought to depict nature as a "divine creation, to be set against the artifice of human civilization".

Although Friedrich was renowned during his lifetime, his work fell from favour during the second half of the nineteenth century. As Germany moved towards modernisation, a new urgency was brought to its art, and Friedrich's contemplative depictions of stillness were seen as the products of a bygone age. His rediscovery began in 1906 when an exhibition of 32 of his paintings and sculptures was held in Berlin. During the 1920s his work was appreciated by the Expressionists, and in the 1930s and 1940s, the Surrealists and Existentialists frequently drew on his work. Today he is seen as an icon of the German Romantic movement, and a painter of international importance.

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Page 4 of 18   Paintings: 216
Moonrise by the Sea c. 1822 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Moonrise by the Sea c. 1822
The Cross on the Mountain, Kunstmuseum at Dusseldorf - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Cross on the Mountain, Kunstmuseum at Dusseldorf
Rocky Reef on the Sea Shore  c.1824 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Rocky Reef on the Sea Shore c.1824
Two Men by the Sea at Moonrise - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Two Men by the Sea at Moonrise
Abbey in the Oakwood - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Abbey in the Oakwood
Mountainous River Landscape (Night Version) 1830-35 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Mountainous River Landscape (Night Version) 1830-35
Winter Landscape (1) 1811 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Winter Landscape (1) 1811
The Ruins Of Eldena 1825 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Ruins Of Eldena 1825
Wreck in the Sea of Ice 1798 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Wreck in the Sea of Ice 1798
View from the Painter's Studio 1805-06 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
View from the Painter's Studio 1805-06
Vision of the Christian Church - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Vision of the Christian Church
Landscape with Grave, Coffin and Owl 1836-37 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Landscape with Grave, Coffin and Owl 1836-37

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Page 4 of 18   Paintings: 216