Caspar David Friedrich (September 5, 1774 - May 7, 1840) was a landscape painter of the nineteenth-century German Romantic movement, of which he is now considered the most important painter. A painter and draughtsman, Friedrich is best known for his later allegorical landscapes, which feature contemplative figures silhouetted against night skies, morning mists, barren trees, and Gothic ruins. His primary interest as an artist was the contemplation of nature, and his often symbolic and anti-classical work seeks to convey the spiritual experiences of life.

Friedrich was born in Greifswald in northern Germany in 1774. He studied in Copenhagen until 1798 before settling in Dresden. He came of age during a period when, across Europe, a growing disillusionment with an over-materialistic society led to a new appreciation for spiritualism. This was often expressed through a reevaluation of the natural world, as artists such as Friedrich, J. M. W. Turner and John Constable sought to depict nature as a "divine creation, to be set against the artifice of human civilization".

Although Friedrich was renowned during his lifetime, his work fell from favour during the second half of the nineteenth century. As Germany moved towards modernisation, a new urgency was brought to its art, and Friedrich's contemplative depictions of stillness were seen as the products of a bygone age. His rediscovery began in 1906 when an exhibition of 32 of his paintings and sculptures was held in Berlin. During the 1920s his work was appreciated by the Expressionists, and in the 1930s and 1940s, the Surrealists and Existentialists frequently drew on his work. Today he is seen as an icon of the German Romantic movement, and a painter of international importance.

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Page 18 of 18   Paintings: 216
The Stream 1890 3 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Stream 1890 3
Night in the harbor (sisters) - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Night in the harbor (sisters)
Greifwald Harbour - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Greifwald Harbour
Snowy Hut (hut in the snow) - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Snowy Hut (hut in the snow)
The Lake The Sleeping Water 1897-98 2 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Lake The Sleeping Water 1897-98 2
Nature 1897 3 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Nature 1897 3
The Lake The Sleeping Water 1897-98 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Lake The Sleeping Water 1897-98
Giant mountains 2 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Giant mountains 2
The Lake The Sleeping Water 1897-98 3 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Lake The Sleeping Water 1897-98 3
The Chalk Cliffs on Rügen - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Chalk Cliffs on Rügen
Doorway in the Fürstenschule Meissen - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Doorway in the Fürstenschule Meissen
Chalk Cliffs on Rügen c. 1818 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Chalk Cliffs on Rügen c. 1818

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Page 18 of 18   Paintings: 216