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Caspar David Friedrich (September 5, 1774 - May 7, 1840) was a landscape painter of the nineteenth-century German Romantic movement, of which he is now considered the most important painter. A painter and draughtsman, Friedrich is best known for his later allegorical landscapes, which feature contemplative figures silhouetted against night skies, morning mists, barren trees, and Gothic ruins. His primary interest as an artist was the contemplation of nature, and his often symbolic and anti-classical work seeks to convey the spiritual experiences of life.

Friedrich was born in Greifswald in northern Germany in 1774. He studied in Copenhagen until 1798 before settling in Dresden. He came of age during a period when, across Europe, a growing disillusionment with an over-materialistic society led to a new appreciation for spiritualism. This was often expressed through a reevaluation of the natural world, as artists such as Friedrich, J. M. W. Turner and John Constable sought to depict nature as a "divine creation, to be set against the artifice of human civilization".

Although Friedrich was renowned during his lifetime, his work fell from favour during the second half of the nineteenth century. As Germany moved towards modernisation, a new urgency was brought to its art, and Friedrich's contemplative depictions of stillness were seen as the products of a bygone age. His rediscovery began in 1906 when an exhibition of 32 of his paintings and sculptures was held in Berlin. During the 1920s his work was appreciated by the Expressionists, and in the 1930s and 1940s, the Surrealists and Existentialists frequently drew on his work. Today he is seen as an icon of the German Romantic movement, and a painter of international importance.

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The Wanderer above the Mists 1817-18 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Wanderer above the Mists 1817-18
Monastery Graveyard In The Snow - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Monastery Graveyard In The Snow
The Abbey in the Oakwood 1809_10 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Abbey in the Oakwood 1809_10
The Sea of Ice 1824 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Sea of Ice 1824
Two Men Contemplating the Moon 1819-20 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Two Men Contemplating the Moon 1819-20
Eldena Ruin - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Eldena Ruin
Wreck of the Hope - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Wreck of the Hope
Man and Woman Contemplating the Moon c. 1824 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Man and Woman Contemplating the Moon c. 1824
The Tree of Crows c. 1822 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Tree of Crows c. 1822
Cementery - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Cementery
Monk on the Seashore - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Monk on the Seashore
A Walk at Dusk - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
A Walk at Dusk
Evening - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Evening
Angels in Adoration - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Angels in Adoration
Woman at a Window 1822 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Woman at a Window 1822
The Cemetery Entrance 1825 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Cemetery Entrance 1825
Wreck in the Moonlight c. 1835 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Wreck in the Moonlight c. 1835
The Chasseur in the Forest 1814 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Chasseur in the Forest 1814
Winter Landscape with Church (2) 1811 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Winter Landscape with Church (2) 1811
Polar sea (The destroyed hope) - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Polar sea (The destroyed hope)
Cross in the Mountains (Tetschen Altar) - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Cross in the Mountains (Tetschen Altar)
The Cross In The Mountains (Tetschen Altar) 1808 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Cross In The Mountains (Tetschen Altar) 1808
Coffin and Grave - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Coffin and Grave
Woman before the Rising Sun (Woman before the Setting... - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Woman before the Rising Sun (Woman before the Setting...
Landscape with Crumbling Wall - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Landscape with Crumbling Wall
The Stages of Life - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Stages of Life
Moonrise by the Sea - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Moonrise by the Sea
Rocky Ravine 1822-23 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Rocky Ravine 1822-23
The Watzmann 1824-25 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Watzmann 1824-25
Monk by the Sea 1809 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Monk by the Sea 1809
Largeness - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Largeness
The Grosse Gehege near Dresden c. 1832 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Grosse Gehege near Dresden c. 1832
Village Landscape in Morning Light (The Lone Tree)... - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Village Landscape in Morning Light (The Lone Tree)...
Self Portrait 1800 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Self Portrait 1800
View of a Harbour 1815-16 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
View of a Harbour 1815-16
The Cross on the Mountain, Kunstmuseum at Dusseldorf - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Cross on the Mountain, Kunstmuseum at Dusseldorf
Abend - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Abend
Moonrise by the Sea c. 1822 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Moonrise by the Sea c. 1822
Rocky Reef on the Sea Shore  c.1824 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Rocky Reef on the Sea Shore c.1824
Landscape with Grave, Coffin and Owl 1836-37 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Landscape with Grave, Coffin and Owl 1836-37
Mountainous River Landscape (Night Version) 1830-35 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Mountainous River Landscape (Night Version) 1830-35
Snow-covered hut - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Snow-covered hut
Abbey in the Oakwood - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Abbey in the Oakwood
Winter Landscape (1) 1811 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Winter Landscape (1) 1811
Two Men by the Sea at Moonrise - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Two Men by the Sea at Moonrise
View from the Painter's Studio 1805-06 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
View from the Painter's Studio 1805-06
Wreck in the Sea of Ice 1798 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Wreck in the Sea of Ice 1798
The Ruins Of Eldena 1825 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Ruins Of Eldena 1825
Vision of the Christian Church - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Vision of the Christian Church
Allegory of Profane Music - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Allegory of Profane Music
Winter Landscape (3) 1811 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Winter Landscape (3) 1811
Wanderer above the Sea of Fog - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Wanderer above the Sea of Fog
Morning in the Riesengebirge 1810-11 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Morning in the Riesengebirge 1810-11
On the Sailing Boat c. 1819 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
On the Sailing Boat c. 1819
The Sisters on the Balcony c. 1820 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Sisters on the Balcony c. 1820
Capuchin Friar By The Sea - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Capuchin Friar By The Sea
Seashore with Shipwreck by Moonlight - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Seashore with Shipwreck by Moonlight
Drifting Clouds c. 1820 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Drifting Clouds c. 1820
Evening Landscape with Two Men 1830-35 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Evening Landscape with Two Men 1830-35
Mountain Peak with Drifting Clouds - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Mountain Peak with Drifting Clouds
Bohemian Landscape with Mount Milleschauer 1808 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Bohemian Landscape with Mount Milleschauer 1808
The Dreamer - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Dreamer
Landscape With Solitary Tree - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Landscape With Solitary Tree
View of the Baltic 1820-25 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
View of the Baltic 1820-25
Mountain Landscape with Rainbow - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Mountain Landscape with Rainbow
Hill and Ploughed Field near Dresden - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Hill and Ploughed Field near Dresden
Boats in the Harbour at Evening c. 1828 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Boats in the Harbour at Evening c. 1828
Morning in the Mountains 1822-23 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Morning in the Mountains 1822-23
Cemetery At Dusk - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Cemetery At Dusk
Cape Arkona - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Cape Arkona
Graveyard under Snow 1826 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Graveyard under Snow 1826
Woman with Candlestick - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Woman with Candlestick
Morning - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Morning
Idealised Landscape with Waterfall (Ideale Gebirgslandschaft... - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Idealised Landscape with Waterfall (Ideale Gebirgslandschaft...
Woman on the Beach of Rugen 1818 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Woman on the Beach of Rugen 1818
Skeletons in a Cave with Stalacties - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Skeletons in a Cave with Stalacties
Meadows near Greifswald c. 1822 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Meadows near Greifswald c. 1822
The Difference between the true religion of Christ... - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Difference between the true religion of Christ...
Morning fog in mountains - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Morning fog in mountains
The Cathedral - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Cathedral
The Moon Rising over the Sea - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
The Moon Rising over the Sea
Moonrise over the Sea - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Moonrise over the Sea
Trees in the moonlight - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Trees in the moonlight
Two men at Moonrise - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Two men at Moonrise
Oak in the Snow 1820s - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Oak in the Snow 1820s
Autumn - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Autumn
Giant Grave by the Sea 1806-07 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Giant Grave by the Sea 1806-07
Riesengebirge 1835 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Riesengebirge 1835
Dolmen In The Snow - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Dolmen In The Snow
Cape Arkona at Sunrise - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Cape Arkona at Sunrise
Evening: Sunset behind Dresden's Hofkirche (Abend:... - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Evening: Sunset behind Dresden's Hofkirche (Abend:...
Northern Sea in the Moonlight - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Northern Sea in the Moonlight
Easter Monday - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Easter Monday
Neubrandenburg in Flames (Sunrise near Neubrandenburg)... - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Neubrandenburg in Flames (Sunrise near Neubrandenburg)...
Evening c. 1824 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Evening c. 1824
Adolf Gottlieb Friedrich Reading 1802 - Caspar David Friedrich - www.caspardavidfriedrich.org
Adolf Gottlieb Friedrich Reading 1802
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